Supporting land use projects in addressing climate change, benefitting local communities and smallholders, and conserving biodiversity

Supporting land use projects in addressing climate change, benefitting local communities and smallholders, and conserving biodiversity

The CCB Program

The Climate, Community & Biodiversity (CCB) Standards identify projects that simultaneously address climate change, support local communities and smallholders, and conserve biodiversity.

Sustainable development in all parts of the world involves land management. When carefully designed, land management projects can improve livelihoods, create employment, protect traditional cultures and endangered species, help secure tenure to lands and resources, increase the resiliency of ecosystems and help to combat climate change. The CCB Standards can be applied to any land management project, including projects under the VCS Program, to certify such climate, community, and biodiversity benefits.

The CCB Program promotes excellence and innovation from the earliest stages of project design and development through implementation. CCB Standards criteria ensure that projects:

  • Identify all stakeholders and ensure their full and effective participation
  • Recognize and respect customary and statutory rights
  • Obtain free, prior and informed consent
  • Assess and monitor direct and indirect costs, benefits and risks
  • Identify and maintain high conservation values
  • Demonstrate net positive climate, community and biodiversity benefits

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Global Impact, Global Demand

Almost 200 projects have been validated to the CCB Standards, over 50 of which have achieved full verification. CCB projects span over 60 countries on every continent except Antarctica. Projects validated and verified to the CCB Standards encompass more than 10 million hectares, an area the size of Iceland.

The CCB Standards are the leading standard used in conjunction with VCS agriculture, forestry and land use (AFOLU) projects, commanding preferential market access. The standards can be applied to all types of land management project, including reforestation, afforestation, revegetation, forest restoration, agroforestry, sustainable agriculture, and other land management.

Explore our CCB Factsheet for more information.


How It Works

Projects developed under the CCB Program must follow a rigorous assessment process in order to be certified.

  • CCB Standards: The CCB Standards lay out the rules and requirements which all projects must follow in order to be certified.
  • Independent Auditing: All CCB projects are subject to desk and field audits by both qualified independent third parties and Verra staff to ensure that standards are met and methodologies are properly applied.
  • Accounting Methodologies: Projects may select appropriate and defensible methods to quantify project benefits to meet the CCB Standards requirements. The VCS and the Climate, Community & Biodiversity Alliance provide guidance on appropriate methodologies.
  • Registry System: Verra tracks all data on all CCB projects. The registry system tracks the generation, retirement and cancellation of all Verified Carbon Units that bear a CCB label, which indicates that an emission reduction unit was generated during a CCB-verified period. To register with the program, projects must show that they have met all standards and methodological requirements.


Managed by Verra, the CCB Standards were developed through a multi-stakeholder process by the Climate, Community & Biodiversity Alliance, a partnership of CARE, Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy, the Rainforest Alliance and the Wildlife Conservation Society.

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4 November 2021

Verra Projects Open for Public Comment

Comments are invited from the public on the following projects…

10 October 2016

Coming Soon: Streamlined Climate, Community & Biodiversity Program Documents

CCB Program document updates will introduce templates for project reporting and streamline joint use of the CCB and VCS Programs. Updated documents will be open for public comment in November.

16 August 2016

Celebrating the Climate, Community & Biodiversity Program’s 100th Validated Project

Celebrating the over 100 Climate, Community & Biodiversity Program projects working around the world to create benefits for people and planet.

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