Tshopo Forest Reference Emission Level

JNR Baseline Description:

The quantification of emissions for the jurisdictional baseline of the province of Tshopo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was derived from the national forest reference emission level (FREL). The Tshopo province represents an area of 200,559 km2, accounting for 8.5% of the national territory, which makes it the biggest subnational jurisdiction of the country. The dominant land use is by far tropical rainforest, accounting for 87% of the province area in 2014. This jurisdiction is therefore absolutely crucial for the whole country in terms of climate mitigation, forest, and biodiversity conservation.

The national forest-reference emission level only includes deforestation activities. The greenhouse gas (GHG) emission quantification is derived from the National FREL GHG emission. Tshopo’s emissions can thus be comprehended as a share of the national emission, obtained by applying a proportional relationship whose variables are deforestation rate and total forest biomass. Hence, the GHG quantification process does not involve activity data measurement and emission factor determination. Then, the GHG emission results of the province were made spatially explicit, meaning each location of the province was attributed a defined amount of emissions based on the risk of emission. This risk of emission comes from the aggregation of the vulnerability of lands, understood as its density of forest carbon, and the exposition of lands, understood as the deforestation threat. Forest carbon density data comes from the WWF carbon map and model project, which made a carbon density map of the whole country available using airplanes and Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) technology. The deforestation threat was modeled using Dinamica EGO and historical deforestation data for the period 2010–2014 from the Central African Satellite Forest Observatory (Observatoir satéllital des forêts d’Afrique Centrale, OSFAC). The data sources of both deforestation and forest carbon stock are aligned with the sources of the national FREL.


Under Validation

Public Consultation:

16 April – 15 June 2020

Comments Received:


Scenario 1 (JNR Baseline)




Tshopo Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Jurisdictional Proponent:

Government of the Tshopo Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo


20,055,900 ha

Average Annual Emissions:

163,928,824 tCO2e/year







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